In Pernambuco, about 70 municipalities in the hinterland are in a state of emergency. The situation tends to worsen as the rainy season is almost over. So the conflict for water will continue. The brazilian news already claimed a war for water in the region.
As reported in the Veja (comparable to “Spiegel” in Germany), in the affected area, in most of the municipalities the reduction of rainfall was on average 75% – reaching 92% in some. The ponds and small reservoirs located in the interior hold only 30% of their capacity. The lack of rain caused the loss of 370 thousand tons of grain. And the smallholders that breed cattle or goat are selling their stocks since they cannot feed or saturate them.
So while we were thinking during our visit, that the rainy season was yet to come, feeling pity for the obviously drought-stressed vegetaion, the few green leaves that were there in march and april now are probably gone. The caatinga gives a tribute to its name, that is of Tupi origin, derived from the words caa (forest, vegetation) and tinga (white, light), and translates to “white forest”.